taxonomy, morphology and phylogeny

Baujardia mirabilis gen. n., sp n. from pitcher plants and its phylogenetic position within Panagrolaimidae (Nematoda : Rhabditida)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2003
Authors:W. Bert, De Ley, I. T., Van Driessche, R., Segers, H., De Ley, P.
ISBN Number:1388-5545
Keywords:analysis, CEPHALOBIDAE, Evolution, FAMILY, freshwater, GENUS, MODEL, Nematoda, NEMATODE, nematodes, Nepenthes, new genus, new species, Panagrellus, phylogeny, REPRODUCTIVE-SYSTEM, RHABDITIDA, SEQUENCE, taxonomy, Thailand, TOOL

Measurements. line drawings and scanning electromicrographs are provided of Baujardia mirabilis gen. n., sp. n., isolated from pitcher fluid of Nepenthes mirabilis from Thailand. The new genus differs from all known nematodes in having two opposing and offset spermatheca-like pouches at the junction of oviduct and uterus. It also differs from most known Rhabditida in having four cephalic setae instead of papillae. Phylogenetic analysis of small subunit rDNA sequence data robustly places the new genus within Panagrolaimidae as a sister taxon to Panagrellus. These unusual nematodes resemble Panagrellus in body size (1.8-2.7 mill in females, 1.3-1.9 mm in males) and in the monodelphic, prodelphic female reproductive system with thickened vaginal walls and prominent postvulval sac. However. they differ from Panagrellus in the characters mentioned above, in their comparatively longer stegostom and in the shape of the male spicules. Because of its aberrant characters, inclusion of this new genus in Panagrolaimidae requires changes to the family diagnosis

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